Table 2

Worked example of question formulation framework (PerSPectif, spice and PICO) for a qualitative synthesis

PerSPE(C)TiF
From the perspective of a pregnant womanIn the setting of rural communitiesHow does the phenomenon of facility-based careWithin an environment of poor transport, infrastructure and geographically remote facilitiesCompare with traditional birth attendants at homeIn the time period up to and including childbirthIn relation to the woman's perceptions and experiences
Setting Perpective Interest, phenomenon of Comparison Evaluation Missing
In the setting of rural communitiesFrom the perspective of a pregnant womanHow does the phenomenon of facility-based careCompare with traditional birth attendants at homeIn relation to the woman’s perceptions and experiences? Environment, time/timing
Population Intervention Comparison Outcome Missing
Pregnant womenFacility-based careTraditional birth attendants at homeWomen's perceptions and experiences Setting
environment
time/timing