Table 3

Regressions for government health spending per capita

(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)8 (FD)9 (FD)
GDP per person0.659***
(0.092)
0.609***
(0.081)
0.657***
(0.079)
0.659***
(0.084)
0.638***
(0.089)
0.659***
(0.068)
0.638***
(0.062)
0.624***
(0.071)
0.634***
(0.079)
Development assistance for health−0.003
(0.020)
0.000
(0.019)
0.014
(0.020)
0.011
(0.022)
0.005
(0.030)
0.011
(0.012)
0.005
(0.011)
−0.004
(0.007)
−0.010
(0.008)
Government spending per GDP0.528***
(0.103)
0.492***
(0.110)
0.513***
(0.107)
0.530***
(0.111)
0.478***
(0.132)
0.530***
(0.063)
0.478***
(0.072)
0.141***
(0.029)
0.157***
(0.035)
Dependent population−0.427
(0.681)
−0.425
(0.664)
−0.784
(0.747)
−0.772
(0.758)
−0.765
(0.876)
−0.772*
(0.378)
−0.765*
(0.382)
−0.510
(0.612)
−0.811
(0.658)
Corruption perception index0.225**
(0.096)
0.226**
(0.095)
0.241**
(0.113)
0.342**
(0.150)
0.241**
(0.089)
0.342***
(0.085)
−0.005
(0.039)
0.017
(0.043)
Tax revenue per GDP0.207*
(0.115)
0.207***
(0.068)
0.009
(0.027)
Year−0.006
(0.005)
−0.004
(0.004)
−0.006
(0.005)
−0.001***
(0.000)
−0.001***
(0.000)
Constant−1.069*
(0.636)
−1.494**
(0.637)
9.777
(8.789)
5.255
(7.455)
8.364
(9.260)
−0.013
(0.015)
−0.019
(0.018)
R2 within44.2945.5546.1347.2951.4215.6017.50
F-statistic28.7728.4028.9923.1542.1422 914.146733.3715.4320.24
Year FEsYesYesYesYesYesYes
Regular dummiesYesYes
CDNoNoNoYesYesNoNoNoNo
n (groups)464646463646364636
n (observation)954954954954749954749903710
  • *** p<0.001, **p<0.05, *p<0.1

  • CD, Cross dependence; FD, First difference; FE, Fixed effects; GDP, gross domestic product.