Table 3

Lifetime economic cost (US$ millions per cohort) of psychosocial risk factors by subregion for the cohorts of children born in 2010 (95% CIs in parentheses)

SubregionCohort size (millions)Low maternal educationMaternal depressionIntimate partner violenceJoint
All low/middle-income countries122.99966
(7954 to 12134)
14 467
(−110 to 36 791)
8494
(6043 to 11 555)
29 337
(15 333 to 50 946)
Asia, Central1.812
(8 to 16)
162
(−1 to 419)
67
(42 to 100)
219
(60 to 479)
Asia, East17.1459
(286 to 651)
995
(−6 to 2690)
452
(218 to 807)
1754
(688 to 3439)
Asia, South36.73469
(2520 to 4566)
3588
(−26 to 9340)
2699
(1738 to 3858)
8591
(4850 to 14 233)
Asia, Southeast12.11050
(763 to 1396)
1561
(−12 to 3929)
707
(486 to 988)
2997
(1467 to 5353)
Caribbean0.734
(25 to 44)
85
(−1 to 220)
37
(24 to 53)
142
(58 to 273)
Latin America, Andean1.281
(62 to 104)
174
(−1 to 442)
127
(88 to 174)
336
(166 to 595)
Latin America, Central4.7827
(562 to 1143)
1424
(−16 to 3865)
913
(530 to 1429)
2831
(1307 to 5398)
Latin America, Southern1.051
(26 to 79)
136
(−1 to 372)
55
(26 to 100)
222
(79 to 474)
Latin America, Tropical3.3461
(274 to 672)
1027
(−6 to 2749)
432
(231 to 687)
1739
(670 to 3498)
North Africa/Middle East10.41072
(813 to 1366)
2308
(−17 to 5603)
1018
(688 to 1386)
3936
(1750 to 7113)
Oceania0.347
(31 to 66)
40
(0 to 104)
24
(13 to 38)
100
(55 to 171)
Sub-Saharan Africa, Central4.3284
(209 to 367)
329
(−3 to 844)
312
(207 to 446)
792
(443 to 1321)
Sub-Saharan Africa, East13.51094
(885 to 1335)
1134
(−9 to 2870)
627
(441 to 846)
2530
(1428 to 4232)
Sub-Saharan Africa, Southern1.8240
(181 to 307)
768
(−6 to 1962)
405
(269 to 587)
1268
(512 to 2462)
Sub-Saharan Africa, West13.9785
(622 to 969)
736
(−6 to 1945)
617
(423 to 868)
1882
(1126 to 3053)