Table 1

Estimated elasticities for LMICs

AverageMinimum magnitudeMaximum magnitude
Mortality (deaths per 1000)
Children under-5−0.33−0.25−0.35
Adults females−0.17−0.08−0.19
Adult males−0.18−0.10−0.20
YLLs−0.30−0.26−0.30
YLDs−0.03−0.02−0.04
DALYs−0.21−0.18−0.21
  • DALYs, disability-adjusted life years; LMICS, low-income and middle-income coutries; YLDs, years of life disabled; YLLs, years of life lost.