Table 4

Intent-to-treat and per-protocol analyses for girls’ outcomes

Unadjusted (OR)Adjusted (aOR)Obs
Per protocolPer protocol
ITTNon-per protocolPer protocolITTNon-per protocolPer protocol
Primary outcome
Any form of sexual violence
0.980.920.940.950.940.83714
(0.66 to 1.45)(0.46 to 1.82)(0.50 to 1.75)(0.65 to 1.37)(0.49 to 1.81)(0.46 to 1.50)
Secondary outcomes
Unwanted sexual touching
0.910.810.870.880.850.79725
(0.59 to 1.40)(0.39 to 1.70)(0.45 to 1.69)(0.57 to 1.36)(0.40 to 1.77)(0.40 to 1.55)
Coerced sex
1.050.890.9610.940.81736
(0.55 to 2.00)(0.35 to 2.30)(0.41 to 2.22)(0.58 to 1.72)(0.40 to 2.20)(0.39 to 1.72)
Forced sex (13–14 year-olds only)
1.020.801.051311
(0.40 to 2.62)(0.27 to 2.33)(0.41 to 2.67)(0.49 to 1.81)
Physical violence
1.121.021.231.221.061.15735
(0.81 to 1.63)(0.64 to 1.64)(0.81 to 1.87)(0.79 to 1.58)(0.65 to 1.70)(0.75 to 1.77)
Emotional violence
1.061.020.941.041.030.848722
(0.77 to 1.45)(0.61 to 1.70)(0.59 to 1.49)(0.76 to 1.42)(0.63 to 1.68)(0.56 to 1.37)
Neglect
1.050.911.071.030.921.01734
(0.75 to 1.48)(0.54 to 1.55)(0.66 to 1.73)(0.74 to 1.44)(0.55 to 1.54)(0.63 to 1.61)
Transactional sexual exploitation
1.220.601.361.080.591.14719
(0.53 to 2.82)(0.19 to 1.86)(0.54 to 3.39)(0.60 to 1.94)(0.21 to 1.65)(0.52 to 2.49)
Child marriage (13–14 year-olds only)
1.131.100.751.241.090.78309
(0.39 to 3.29)(0.48 to 2.50)(0.29 to 1.91)(0.38 to 4.00)(0.47 to 2.54)(0.29 to 2.05)
  • No allowance for multiplicity was made in the analyses. Adjusted models control for a four-level categorical variable indicating biological parents living in the home, and age. 95% CIs in brackets. SEs in all models are adjusted for clustering at the level of programme group; intent-to-treat (ITT) models for girls’ outcomes also adjust for clustering at the level of the caregiver. ORs are statistically significant at *p<0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001 (there are no statistically significant ORs in this table). The reference group for the ITT columns is the full control group; the reference group for the per-protocol (PP) columns is the PP control group, that is, girls in the wait-list control arm who attended at least 75% of sessions. Differences between ORs for non-per-protocol and per-protocol adherence are not statistically significant at conventional levels. Prevalence of forced sex in blank cells is 0 and thus the OR and aOR are undefined. Obs reflects the number of observations for ITT analysis.