Table 2

Baseline characteristics across treatment arms and protocol adherence

ITT—controlITT—treatmentPer-protocol controlTreatment non-per protocolTreatment per protocolMissing
Girls ( n = 423 ) ( n = 446 ) ( n = 264 ) ( n = 114 ) ( n = 163 )
Age (years)12.12(1.53)11.96(1.47)12.17(1.55)12.40(1.37)11.71(1.54)  0
Language  0
 Mashi (%)149(35)220(49)81(31)69(61)88(54)  
 Swahili (%)274(65)226(51)183(69)45(39)75(46)  
Attended school, last 12 months (%)339(80)352(79)214(81)94(82)135(83)  0
Years of schooling2.912.452.512.123.132.602.641.902.452.13  1
Parents in the household  0
 Both (%)257(61)263(59)164(62)73(64)91(56)  
 Mother only (%)121(29)121(27)76(29)35(31)51(31)  
 Father only (%)12(3)16(4)7(3)1(1)6(4)  
 Neither (%)339(8)46(10)17(6)5(4%)15(9%)  
Relationship status (13–14 year-olds)  27
 Single137(74)126(76)86(72)46(74)40(83)  
 Married, living with husband (%)23(13)23(14)17(14)12(19)5(10)  
 Married, not living with husband (%)15(8)10(6)10(8)3(5)2(4)  
 Living with man as if married (%)9(5)7(4)7(6)1(2)1(2)  
Exposure to violence, last 12 months
 Any sexual violence (%)98(27)102(26)62(28)24(22)34(23)  114
 Unwanted sexual touching (%)55(15)63(16)34(15)16(15)20(13)  100
 Coerced sex (%)58(15)53(13)36(15)17(16)17(11)  80
 Forced sex (13–14 year-olds) (%)28(16)30(20)19(16)6(12)7(15)  48
 Physical violence (%)162(42)178(43)103(42)46(43)61(41)  65
 Emotional violence (%)171(45)175(43)110(47)43(40)63(43)  79
 Neglect, last 12 months (%)179(49)200(50)110(48)44(43)72(49)  98
 Child marriage, last 12 months (13–14 year-olds) (%)38(21)33(20)27(23)15(24)7(15)  27
 Transactional sexual exploitation, last 12 months (%)53(14)59(15)35(15)13(13)23(15)  103
Caregivers ( n = 375 ) ( n = 389 ) ( n = 260 ) ( n = 113 ) ( n = 162 )   
Age (years)38.57(10.31)38.63(10.51)38.29(9.85)39.13(9.74)39.90(10.83)  1
Female (%)342(91)361(93)239(92)105(93)148(92)  0
Language  0
 Mashi (%)180(48)207(53)111(44)68(62)86(54)  
 Swahili (%)195(52)182(47)140(56)41(38)73(46)  
Attitudes towards gender inequitable norms6.70(2.61)6.66(2.60)6.78(2.49)6.66(2.50)6.46(2.66)  21
PARQ warmth/affection subscale13.47(4.09)13.56(4.33013.31(4.17)13.11(4.00)13.66(4.26)  10
PARQ total scale44.87(7.85)45.67(8.16)44.57(7.65)45.42(7.32)45.09(8.56)  74
Attitudes towards physical discipline7.93(2.88)8.00(2.89)7.92(2.91)8.11(2.94)7.809(2.92)  16
  • ITT, intent-to-treat; PARQ, Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire.