Table 5

Intent-to-treat and per-protocol analyses for caregiver outcomes

Unadjusted (beta coefficients)Adjusted (beta coefficients)Obs
Per protocolPer protocol
ITTNon-per protocolPer protocolITTNon-per protocolPer protocol
Gender inequitable roles scale−0.070.03−0.17−0.10−0.01−0.15702
(−0.57 to 0.44)(−0.70 to 0.75)(−0.84 to 0.50)(−0.61 to 0.40)(−0.72 to 0.70)(−0.80 to 0.51)
PARQ warmth/affection subscale−1.07**−0.87−1.47**−1.08**−0.9−1.44**704
(−1.79 to −0.35)(−1.90 to 0.15)(−2.40 to −0.53)(−1.79 to −0.36)(−1.91 to 0.10)(−2.36 to −0.52)
Total PARQ scale−2.00***−1.42−2.18**−2.08***−1.39−2.08**687
(−3.13 to −0.87)(−3.08 to 0.24)(−3.66 to −0.69)(−3.20 to −0.96)(−3.02 to 0.25)(−3.55 to −0.61)
Acceptance of physical discipline of children−0.070.06−0.33−0.100.03−0.3705
(−0.64 to 0.50)(−0.73 to 0.84)(−1.06 to 0.39)(−0.70 to 0.49)(−0.77 to 0.84)(−1.05 to 0.45)
  • No allowance for multiplicity was made in the analyses. Adjusted models control for gender and age. 95% CIs in brackets. SEs are adjusted for clustering at the level of programme group. Beta coefficients are statistically significant at *p<0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001. The reference group for the intent-to-treat (ITT) columns is the full control group; the reference group for the per-protocol (PP) columns is the PP control group, that is, caregivers whose oldest girl participant attended at least 75% of sessions. Differences between coefficients for non-per-protocol and per-protocol adherence are not statistically significant at conventional levels. Obs reflects the number of observations for ITT analysis.

  • PARQ, Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire.