Table 1

Sample description by breastfeeding outcome

(a) Early initiation of breastfeeding (within first hour of birth) among children born in the last 24 months (N=401 067)
CountryDHS survey yearsBirth years available
(Min, Max)
Sample sizeAverage proportion of children born in the last 24 months who were put to the breast within 1 hour of birth*
Bangladesh2004, 2007, 2011, 20142002, 201411 31642.59%
Kenya2003, 2008, 20142001, 2014854059.27%
Lesotho2004, 2009, 20142002, 2014436161.10%
Malawi2000, 2004, 20101998, 201017 15377.92%
Uganda2000, 2006, 20111998, 2011900440.96%
Zambia2001, 2007, 20131999, 201410 29059.46%
Zimbabwe2005, 2010, 20152003, 2015679567.54%
All treated countries 67 45960.54% (SD=0.07)
Armenia2000, 2005, 20101998, 2010177630.69%
Benin2001, 2006, 20111999, 201213 49054.61%
Bolivia2003, 20082001, 2008717064.27%
Burkina Faso2003, 20102001, 2010989238.24%
Cameroon2004, 20112002, 2011774135.56%
Chad2004, 20142002, 2015836228.35%
Colombia2000, 2005, 20101998, 201014 40261.88%
Congo2005, 20112003, 2012569830.48%
Democratic Republic of Congo2007, 20132005, 201410 57651.56%
Dominican Republic2002, 2007, 20132000, 2013961660.38%
Egypt2000, 2005, 2008, 20141998, 201420 50945.30%
Ethiopia2000, 2005, 20111998, 201111 77057.14%
Gabon2000, 20121998, 2012408053.14%
Ghana‡2003, 2008, 20142001, 2014509152.32%
Guinea2005, 20122003, 2012532627.99%
Haiti2000, 2005, 20121998, 2012779046.97%
Honduras2005, 20112003, 2012860772.52%
Indonesia2002, 2007, 20122000, 201220 47141.58%
Jordan2002, 2007, 20122000, 2012975432.06%
Liberia2007, 20132004, 2013509359.86%
Madagascar2003, 20082001, 2009689164.69%
Mali2001, 2006, 20121999, 201314 40447.60%
Mozambique2003, 20112001, 2011851174.81%
Nepal2001, 2006, 20111999, 2012669835.39%
Niger2006, 20122004, 2012847550.60%
Nigeria2003, 2008, 20132001, 201325 07834.81%
Peru2000, 2004, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011, 20121998, 201234 04450.19%
Philippines2003, 2008, 20132001, 2013755153.12%
Senegal2005, 2010, 2012, 2014, 20152003, 201517 50435.05%
Sierra Leone2008, 20132006, 2013659254.12%
Tanzania2004, 2010, 20152002, 201610 64648.08%
All control countries § 333 60848.32% (SD=0.02)
(b) Exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months among infants 0–5 months of age (N=86 565)
CountryDHS survey yearsBirth years available
(Min, Max)
Sample SizeAverage proportion of infants 0–5 months of age who are fed exclusively with breast milk during the previous day*
Bangladesh2004, 2007, 2011, 20142003, 2014261882.21%
Kenya2003, 2008, 20142002, 2014203567.01%
Lesotho2004, 2009, 20142004, 2014115689.72%
Malawi2000, 2004, 20102000, 2010399578.88%
Uganda2000, 2006, 20112000, 2011219981.74%
Zambia2001, 2007, 20132001, 2014244273.43%
Zimbabwe2005, 2010, 20152005, 2015170566.38%
All Treated countries 16 15076.65% (SD=0.029)
Armenia2000, 20102000, 201030683.73%
Benin2001, 2006, 20112001, 2012319083.47%
Bolivia2003, 20082003, 2008160790.03%
Burkina Faso2003, 20102003, 2010253788.75%
Cameroon2004, 20112003, 2011190269.66%
Chad
Colombia2000, 20101999, 2010194481.29%
Congo
Democratic Republic of Congo2007, 20132006, 2014278872.03%
Dominican Republic2002, 2007, 20132002, 2013221674.81%
Egypt2000, 2008, 20141999, 2014381676.47%
Ethiopia2000, 20112000, 2011215186.03%
Gabon¶
Ghana‡2003, 2008, 20142003, 2014125981.43%
Guinea2005, 20122004, 2012142780.43%
Haiti2000, 2005, 20121999, 2012188955.48%
Honduras¶
Indonesia2002, 2007, 20122002, 2012476859.05%
Jordan2002, 2007, 20122002, 2012246377.89%
Liberia2007, 20132006, 2013121088.10%
Madagascar2003, 20082003, 2009170494.65%
Mali2001, 2006, 20122000, 2013367189.51%
Mozambique2003, 20112003, 2011205572.75%
Nepal2001, 2006, 20112001, 2012160492.64%
Niger2006, 20122005, 2012222783.07%
Nigeria2003, 2008, 20132002, 2013622566.91%
Peru2000, 2004, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011, 20122000, 2012748594.74%
Philippines2003, 20082003, 2008119782.56%
Senegal2005, 2010, 2012, 2014, 20152004, 2015451686.17%
Sierra Leone2008, 20132007, 2013167462.41%
Tanzania2004, 2010, 20152004, 2016258480.12%
All control countries § 70 41581.34% (SD=0.025)
(c) Breastfeeding duration among children under 5 years of age (N=750 118)
CountryDHS survey yearsBirth years available
(Min, Max)
Sample sizeAverage breastfeeding duration (months) among children younger than five*
Bangladesh2004, 2007, 2011, 20141999, 201423 49920.35
Kenya2003, 2008, 20141998, 201420 28115.23
Lesotho2004, 2009, 20141999, 2014765118.33
Malawi2000, 2004, 20101996, 201037 40517.55
Uganda2000, 2006, 2009, 20111996, 201119 74914.68
Zambia2001, 2007, 20131996, 201423 88615.88
Zimbabwe2005, 2010, 20152000, 2014754418.63
All treated countries 140 01516.68 (SD=0.75)
Armenia2000, 2005, 20101996, 2010315712.45
Benin2001, 2006, 20111996, 201222 97520.16
Bolivia2003, 20081998, 200817 68313.65
Burkina Faso2003, 20101998, 201015 18025.11
Cameroon2004, 20111999, 201117 17513.25
Chad2004, 20141999, 201410 41822.61
Colombia2000, 2005, 20101996, 201031 91811.68
Congo2005, 20112000, 2012704718.20
Democratic Republic of Congo2007, 20132002, 201414 40319.75
Dominican Republic2002, 2007, 20131997, 201323 3458.43
Egypt2000, 2005, 2008, 20141996, 201436 87518.34
Ethiopia2000, 2005, 20111996, 201122 36022.28
Gabon2000, 20121996, 2012507718.28
Ghana‡2003, 2008, 20141998, 2014831919.72
Guinea2005, 20122000, 2012816623.68
Haiti2000, 2005, 20121996, 201212 95117.27
Honduras2005, 20112000, 201213 83618.49
Indonesia2002, 2007, 20121997, 201237 97019.20
Jordan2002, 2007, 20121997, 201217 26315.73
Liberia2007, 20132002, 2013751720.22
Madagascar2003, 20081998, 200916 51415.21
Mali2001, 2006, 20121996, 201326 09919.20
Mozambique2003, 20111998, 201112 72221.37
Nepal2001, 2006, 20111996, 201214 72721.32
Niger2006, 20122001, 201212 32621.46
Nigeria2003, 2008, 20131998, 201338 79217.16
Peru2000, 2004, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011, 20121996, 201282 89714.51
Philippines2003, 2008, 20131998, 201313 80815.89
Senegal2005, 2010, 2012, 2014, 20152000, 201421 03018.38
Sierra Leone2008, 20132003, 2013828619.24
Tanzania2004, 2007, 2010, 2011, 20151999, 201429 26716.63
All control countries § 610 10314.37 (SD=0.43)