Table 4

Factor descriptions, items and measure of internal consistency

FactorDefinitionItems loadedCronbach’s alpha
(95% CI)
Factor 1: Knowledge of global health, n=142Knowledge of global health is a broad understanding of the needs, resources and experiences of diverse societies to address health challenges worldwide.
  1. Understanding of global health issues

  2. Health challenges

  3. Needs

  4. Resources

  5. Complexity of research

0.869 (0.831 to 0.900)
Factor 2: Cultural awareness and promotion, n=120Cultural competence represents the ability to demonstrate cultural awareness and knowledge of diverse settings, and respect and work constructively with people from all backgrounds and orientations.
  1. Attitudes and behaviours

  2. Share with colleagues

  3. Multicultural work

0.794 (0.720 to 0.850)
Factor 3: Teamwork and collaboration, n=68Teamwork and collaboration is the ability to develop effective relationships with colleagues and team members and to lead and motivate others to achieve objectives and overcome challenges.
  1. Help colleagues

  2. Manage team

  3. Motivate team

  4. Inform team

  5. Encourage innovation within team

  6. Working on a team

0.863 (0.806 to 0.908)
Factor 4: Personal capacity development, n=150Personal capacity development is a process of enhancing self-awareness, self-reflection and confidence to empower individuals and enable personal growth. This domain includes items on changes in personal growth, relationships, desires and attitudes.
  1. Desire for education

  2. Changes in personal life

  3. New friendships

  4. Personal growth

  5. Desire to travel

  6. Attitudes

  7. Cultural competence

  8. Cultural sensitivity

0.859 (0.823 to 0.891)
Factor 5a: Soft skills, n=90Soft skills are interpersonal qualities, personal attributes, attitudes and behaviours.
  1. New challenges

  2. Receptive to criticism

  3. Controlling emotions

  4. Interpersonal skills

  5. Share opinions

  6. Organisation

  7. Problem-solving

  8. Communication

0.894 (0.857 to 0.924)
Factor 5b: Job skills, n=46Hard skills represent technical capacities, or skills, within a specific vocation or field of expertise.
  1. Basic skills

  2. Assessing patients

  3. Patient care

  4. Clinical skills

  5. Curriculum development

  6. Research proposal writing

  7. Research skills

  8. Teaching skills

0.858 (0.786 to 0.912)
Factor 5c: Self-management and awareness, n=92Self-awareness and management is the ability to adapt to new and diverse pressures, use challenges and criticism as a catalyst for improvement and take responsibility for tasks.
  1. Exposure to ideas

  2. Apply new methods to improve work processes

  3. Take responsibility for actions

  4. Work under pressure

  5. Adapt to changing priorities

  6. Receptive to new ideas

  7. Adjust to new situations

  8. Complete tasks

0.866 (0.820 to 0.904)
Factor 5d: Ethical reasoning, n=63Ethical reasoning is the capacity to identify and respond with integrity to ethical issues in diverse economic, political and cultural contexts.
  1. Ethical complications

  2. Navigating ethical implications

  3. Transparency

0.819 (0.724 to 0.884)
Factor 6: Patient-centred care, n=98The provision of health services that places patients at the centre of care through prioritising their needs, expectations and preferences.
  1. Social determinants and patients

  2. Time for patients and families

  3. Patient relationship

  4. Caring attitude

0.870 (0.823 to 0.908)
Factor 7: Strategic analysis and planning, n=89Strategic analysis and decision-making is the ability to analyse complex and inter-related factors that shape health to develop and manage goals and priorities.
  1. Stand-by decisions

  2. Priorities and objectives

  3. Direct team

  4. Critical thinking

  5. Anticipate trends and identify goals

0.889 (0.848 to 0.922)
Factor 8: Opportunities for improvement, n=112Opportunities for organisational-level improvement involves the broad sharing of knowledge, skills and resources to enhance global health programmes to address current and global health needs. This domain includes opportunities for preparation for global health fieldwork, partnership, support and resources to maximise global health programmes.
  1. Partner collaboration

  2. Patient contact

  3. Student contact

  4. Skills

  5. Programme feedback

  6. Individual feedback

  7. Teaching opportunities

  8. Training

  9. Length of travel

  10. Support

0.864 (0.823 to 0.899)