Table 6

Associations between experiencing emotional violence in childhood and various health outcomes for male and female respondents

No history of emotional abuse prior to age 18History of emotional abuse prior to age 18Crude OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Health conditionsWeighted frequency
% (n)
Female
Weighted frequency
% (n)
Male
Weighted frequency
% (n)
Female
Weighted frequency
% (n)
Male
FemaleMaleFemaleMale
Felt depressed in the last month21.6 (229)17 (219)17.8 (189)19.7 (257) 3.070***
(2.229 to 4.227)
3.218***
(2.398 to 4.319)
3.560***
(2.409 to 5.262)
3.221***
(2.389 to 4.345)
Suicidal ideation5.5 (63)1.4 (25)8.2 (88)3.7 (53) 4.183***
(2.757 to 6.344)
4.949***
(2.751 to 8.903)
3.827***
(2.302 to 6.365)
5.248***
(2.848 to 9.670)
Attempted suicide1.1 (14)0.2 (4)2.2 (22)1.1 (19) 4.563***
(2.065 to 10.08)
9.513***
(2.644 to 34.23)
3.630**
(1.353 to 9.741)
10.59***
(2.905 to 38.62)
Alcohol use†2.4 (29)15.4 (182)2.7 (26)12 (147) 2.649***
(1.387 to 5.059)
1.529***
(1.122 to 2.085)
2.672**
(1.250 to 5.709)
1.450**
(1.031 to 2.040)
Drug use (marijuana, pills, ecstasy or huffed/sniffed any chemical such as petrol or glue)0.1 (1)6 (67)0.4 (2)5.1 (58)9.275*
(0.754 to 114.0)
1.508*
(0.951 to 2.392)
5.423
(0.314 to 93.64)
1.488*
(0.941 to 2.354)
Smoking0.3 (3)7.8 (102)0.1 (2)7.1 (86)1.049
(0.154 to 7.158)
1.744***
(1.206 to 2.523)
1.878
(0.242 to 14.59)
1.676**
(1.116 to 2.517)
Taken an HIV test31.5 (337)13.4 (173)15.3 (162)9.3 (120)1.202
(0.881 to 1.640)
1.276
(0.923 to 1.763)
1.330
(0.857 to 2.064)
1.131
(0.801 to 1.598)
Ever had a sexually transmitted disease1 (14)0.9 (14)0.7 (11)0.4 (8)1.615
(0.637 to 4.098)
0.799
(0.309 to 2.062)
1.751
(0.693 to 4.427)
0.750
(0.286 to 1.969)
Vaginal or penile discharge3.1 (36)3 (38)2.7 (34)3.4 (50) 2.062**
(1.158 to 3.673)
2.097**
(1.150 to 3.824)
1.837*
(0.955 to 3.532)
2.101**
(1.175 to 3.756)
Genital sore/ulcer3.7 (38)2.5 (38)4.3 (40)3.8 (54) 2.909***
(1.689 to 5.011)
2.847***
(1.720 to 4.711)
1.849*
(0.950 to 3.601)
2.779***
(1.652 to 4.674)
Unwanted pregnancy or impregnation3.6 (34)1.5 (22)2.2 (24)0.8 (12)1.405
(0.731 to 2.701)
0.926
(0.426 to 2.012)
1.457
(0.694 to 3.059)
0.854
(0.380 to 1.919)
  • *P<0.10, **P<0.05, ***P<0.001, controlled for age and socioeconomic status.

  • †More than a few sips.

  • Bolded text indicates the result was significant.