Table 2

Availability of medicines

Wealth quintileP values
Q1
(poorest)
Q2Q3Q4Q5
(least poor)
Distance to health facilities (km)
 Nearest facility8.11 (1.56)9.01 (1.33)5.25 (0.93)5.88 (1.46)5.22 (1.22)0.050
 Nearest public facility10.98 (1.48)12.89 (1.67)9.69 (1.27)10.52 (2.05)9.44 (1.36)0.285
 Nearest non-profit facility13.56 (2.20)12.59 (1.88)6.95 (0.87)7.92 (1.27)6.70 (1.09)0.002
Probability nearest facility is public0.54 (0.08)0.37 (0.08)0.30 (0.07)0.30 (0.07)0.29 (0.07)0.020
Probability medicine available at nearest facility
 HCTZ (hypertension)0.20 (0.07)0.25 (0.08)0.20 (0.07)0.22 (0.07)0.27 (0.09)0.624
 Metformin (diabetes)0.73 (0.08)0.71 (0.08)0.67 (0.10)0.75 (0.08)0.74 (0.08)0.752
 Salbutamol inhaler (asthma)0.38 (0.08)0.37 (0.09)0.57 (0.09)0.43 (0.09)0.55 (0.09)0.109
Probability medicine purchased in private sector
 Hypertension0.49 (0.06)0.40 (0.07)0.50 (0.06)0.59 (0.06)0.67 (0.05)0.009
 Diabetes0.41 (0.12)0.32 (0.09)0.48 (0.10)0.50 (0.09)0.61 (0.09)0.042
 Asthma0.36 (0.07)0.45 (0.09)0.65 (0.11)0.72 (0.09)0.67 (0.11)0.001
  • All data are mean values with SD provided in parentheses.

  • HCTZ, hydrochlorothiazide.