Table 1

Prevalence ratios (PRs) for detected schistosome-related morbidity

MorbidityDiagnostic toolPR (95% CI)
MicrohaematuriaUrine dipsticks12.6 (11.6 to 14.1)
MacrohaematuriaVisual inspection (colorimetry)3.4 (1.9 to 5.4)
StuntingHAZ1.6 (1.05 to 2.31)
MalnutritionWHZ1.1 (0.9 to 1.4)
MUACZ1.5 (1.3 to 1.9)
MUAC1.3 (0.8 to 1.9)
UnderweightWAZ1.4 (1.2 to 1.6)
BAZ1.0 (0.8 to 1.3)
  • BAZ, body mass index for age Z scores; HAZ, height-for-age Z scores, MUAC, mid-upper arm circumference Z scores; WHZ, weight-for-height Z scores; WAZ, weight-for-age Z scores.