Table 2

Gram-positive isolates resistant or intermediate-susceptibility to tested antimicrobials, overall and stratified by country

OverallBeninCongoLiberiaMadagascarSierra LeoneTogoP value
Staphylococcus aureus 85619111311617216698
 Oxacillin205 (23.9)66 (34.6)36 (31.9)24 (20.7)25 (14.5)40 (24.1)14 (14.3)<0.001
 Gentamicin89 (10.4)29 (15.2)30 (26.5)7 (6.0)8 (4.7)9 (5.4)6 (6.1)<0.001
 Ciprofloxacin162 (18.9)40 (20.9)26 (23.0)6 (5.2)49 (28.5)26 (15.7)15 (15.3)<0.001
 TMP/SMX477 (55.7)110 (57.6)64 (56.6)26 (22.4)109 (63.4)113 (68.1)55 (56.1)<0.001
 Clindamycin75 (8.8)3 (1.6)15 (13.3)9 (7.8)22 (12.8)11 (6.6)15 (15.3)<0.001
Enterococcus spp26404846
 Ampicillin8 (30.8)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)2 (50.0)3 (37.5)2 (50.0)1 (16.7)0.420
 Gentamicin22 (84.6)4 (100.0)0 (0.0)1 (25.0)7 (87.5)4 (100.0)6 (100.0)0.009
 Ciprofloxacin10 (38.5)1 (25.0)0 (0.0)1 (25.0)4 (50.0)2 (50.0)2 (33.3)0.852
 Erythromycin17 (65.4)4 (100.0)0 (0.0)2 (50.0)6 (75.0)2 (50.0)3 (50.0)0.419
 Vancomycin0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
  • Presented as number (%).

  • P values from the Fisher exact test for categorical variables.

  • TMP/SMX, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole.