Table 2

Characteristics of selected articles (n=14)

No. of papersn=6n=2n=1n=4n=1n=14
Publication year
Population age (years)
Study design
 Pooled cross-sectional11
How multimorbidity was studied
 By number of NCDs624113
 Specific combinations of NCDs11
Secondary outcomes for multimorbidity
 (a) Impact of multimorbidity on medicine utilisation
 (b) Coping strategies for OOPE for Medicines
 c) OOPE for other healthcare services
Quality assessment
  • NCD,  non-communicable disease ; OOPE,  out-of-pocket expenditure.