Table 1

Baseline characteristics for the combined moderate and severe groups enrolled at urban and rural sites, by intervention arm

VariableUrban (n=144)Rural (n=172)
PTM202PlaceboPTM202Placebo
Age (months)*17.2 (7.1)15.7 (6.4)19.0 (8.0)18.4 (7.6)
Weight-for-age WHO z-score at enrolment*−0.7  (0.9)−0.9 (1.0)−1.6 (1.1)−1.7 (1.1)
Weight for Length WHO z-score at enrolment*−0.6 (1.0)−0.8 (1.0)−1.1 (1.0)−1.3 (1.1)
Antibiotics prescribed at initial visit10 (13.2%)6 (8.8%)15 (17.4%)9 (10.5%)
Zinc prescribed at initial visit30 (39.5%)29 (42.7%)54 (62.8%)57 (66.3%)
Sex†
 Female33 (43.4%)32 (47.1%)47 (54.7%)35 (40.7%)
 Male43 (56.6%)36 (52.9%)39 (45.4%)51 (59.3%)
Water supply to house†
 Public or bottled water70 (92.1%)65 (95.6%)13 (15.1%)6 (7.0%)
 Rainwater or water tank3 (4.0%)3 (4.4%)1 (1.2%)0 (0%)
 Well or river3 (4.0%)0 (0%)72 (83.7%)80 (93.0%)
Method of human waste disposal†
 Indoor plumbing (toilet)72 (94.7%)64 (94.1%)18 (20.9%)14 (16.3%)
  Latrine: open pit3 (4%)2 (2.9%)67 (77.9%)71 (82.6%)
 Latrine: septic tank1 (1%)2 (2.9%)1 (1.2%)1 (1.2%)
  • *Estimates for symmetrical numeric variables are given as mean±SD.

  • †Estimates for categorical variables are given as frequency (%).