Table 2

Ebola-related awareness, risk perceptions and knowledge, National Ebola KAP survey, Sierra Leone, August 2014 (n=1413)*

Indicator%95% CI
A—Awareness and risk perception
 Heard of Ebola10097.7 to 100
 Expressed that Ebola existed in Sierra Leone9796.1 to 97.9
 Aware of possibility to survive and recover from Ebola7875.7 to 80.0
 Aware of possibility to have Ebola without showing signs/symptoms4037.5 to 42.7
 Aware of Ebola call centre to report sick persons and deaths5754.3 to 59.5
 Perceived some risk of contracting Ebola5855.1 to 60.2
B—Knowledge of Ebola cause†
 Bats/monkeys/ chimpanzees/other wild animals7471.9 to 76.5
 Virus4239.6 to 44.8
 God or higher power21.1 to 2.5
 Witchcraft10.5 to 1.6
C—Knowledge of Ebola modes of transmission‡
 Shaking hands with an infected person5653.5 to 58.6
 Eating ‘bush meat’5250.0 to 55.2
 Other physical contact with an infected person5047.2 to 52.4
 Sweat of an infected person4845.8 to 51.0
 Eating fruits likely to have been bitten by bats3532.2 to 37.1
 Blood of an infected person3431.8 to 36.7
 Preparing ‘bush meat’ as a meal3330.2 to 35.1
 Saliva of an infected person3330.1 to 35.0
 Urine of an infected person2725.0 to 29.6
 Faeces of an infected person2018.3 to 22.5
 Semen or vaginal fluid of an infected person1917.3 to 21.4
 Breast milk of an infected person1412.9 to 16.6
D—Knowledge of Ebola signs and symptoms§
 Knew three key signs/symptoms of Ebola (fever, diarrhoea, vomiting)6057.7 to 62.7
 Vomiting (with or without blood)8380.6 to 84.5
 Diarrhoea (with or without blood)7370.7 to 75.4
 Fever7976.6 to 80.9
 Rash4542.7 to 47.9
 Severe headache3835.3 to 40.3
 Muscle pain2320.9 to 25.3
 Weakness2219.7 to 24.0
 Abdominal pain119.0 to 12.2
  • *Item-specific sample sizes slightly varied with <5% missing values for any item.  

  • †Unprompted/open-ended/multiple selection item.

  • ‡Unprompted/open-ended/multiple selection item.

  • §Unprompted/open-ended/multiple selection item.

  • KAP, knowledge, attitudes and practices.