Table 2

Kirkpatrick model for evaluating educational courses and our data sources

DescriptionData source
Level 1: ReactionParticipants’ enjoyment, perceived relevance and engagementImmediate written course feedback: quantitative analysis of numerical scoring
Level 2: LearningAcquired knowledge, skills, attitude and commitmentAnalysis of immediate written feedback and repeated written feedback at 3–4 months
Level 3: BehaviourTranslation of knowledge and skills into personal practiceFollow-up by semistructured focus group and anonymised survey questionnaire
Level 4: ResultsOrganisational change and improved patient outcomeNarratives of adverse outcomes avoided; institutional organisational changes and participant reported actors and challenges to implementation