Table 1

Composition of village-based discussion groups

Women of reproductive age1124
Family members†2226
Traditional healers1124
Religious leaders and elders1224
Community health volunteers‡112
Community/village officials‡112
Community/village health workers‡112
Number of participants, total88824
Proportion participants, female:male75:2550:50100:075:25
  • *All participants recruited were 18 years or older. Although participants were categorised by more than one role in the community, one role per individual was considered for participant recruitment. We agreed roles with participants to identify what they felt to be their primary role in the community.

  • †Close relative: parents, grandparents, siblings, children, in-laws, nieces, nephews and cousins. 

  • ‡We acknowledged that people with working arrangements, particularly village health workers and village officials, may not be available for a series of six weekly meetings. We also acknowledged the ethical imperative of engaging participants who would otherwise be involved in earning income and/or the provision of public services. The groups were convened with careful consideration of minimising disruption to local public services.