Table 2

Physician awareness of CKD, guideline awareness and adoption across World Bank income groups (adapted from ISN Global Kidney Health Atlas5)

World Bank income groupExtremely low (%)Low/below average (%)Moderate/average (%)High/above average (%)
Awareness of CKD by primary care physiciansLow-income293535
Low-middle-income1344349
Upper-middle-income145531
High-income858268
Awareness of CKD guidelines by non-nephrologistsLow-income256313
Low-middle-income1757224
Upper-middle-income1342424
High-income46468
Adoption of CKD guidelines by non-nephrologistsLow-income385013
Low-middle-income3641185
Upper-middle-income2146294
High-income549388
  • CKD, chronic kidney disease; ISN, International Society of Nephrology.