Table 2

Hospital characteristics (in per cent) by country HDI

Very high HDIHigh HDIMedium HDILow HDIANOVA
Delivery characteristicsMedianIQRMedianIQRMedianIQRMedianIQRp value
Spontaneous labour68.257.1–71.149.137.9–56.162.950.5–74.071.558.1–84.7<0.001
Induced labour10.96.2–14.311.23.3–27.34.01.1–10.03.81.0–9.0<0.001
Prelabour caesarean delivery12.011.1–21.517.96.7–23.512.65.2–21.25.10.7–15.4<0.001
Intrapartum caesarean delivery14.03.2–18.320.514.2–26.716.59.3–24.714.96.9–22.60.07
Caesarean delivery (total)23.918.1–29.239.431.1–46.631.321.4–44.925.311.4–34.9<0.001
Stillbirth0.20.0–0.30.30.2–0.50.30.1–0.61.91.1–3.3<0.001
Intrahospital early neonatal death0.00.0–0.20.20.0–0.40.20.0–0.50.80.2–1.3<0.001
Perinatal death0.30.2–0.40.50.3–0.80.60.2–1.32.91.6–4.9<0.001
Late preterm birth4.83.3–6.34.83.4–6.84.83.0–6.94.01.9–6.50.33
  • ANOVA, analysis of variance; HDI, Human Development Index.