Threats by artificial intelligence to human health and human existence
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  • Published on:
    Artificial intelligence as a threat for global health
    • Vincent Couture, Assistant professor Université Laval
    • Other Contributors:
      • Jean-Christophe Bélisle-Pipon, Assistant professor

    Federspiel et al. (1) argue that the health literature on AI focuses on its benefits but neglects its potential harms, particularly in clinical settings. They highlight four concerns: disinformation and surveillance, lethal autonomous weapon systems, job loss, and the existential threat of artificial general intelligence (AGI). To mitigate these threats, the authors propose supranational regulations and increased awareness. However, further exploration is needed regarding overlooked threats, the impact of AGI on global health, and appropriate responses.

    The widespread adoption of AI in healthcare systems poses new threats that often go unnoticed. First, integrating AI into healthcare blurs the boundary between clinical care and population health, making it difficult to separate the global from the individual. This creates challenges when using AI to connect personalized medicine and precision public health, as it can impact social determinants of health and exacerbate disparities in healthcare accessibility and discrimination. Second, the success of AI systems can lead to a two-tier healthcare system that would lead to diminished ability to provide human-centred care and may incur high costs with suboptimal outcomes if AI systems are ineffective or only benefiting some peoples. Third, the growing creation and use of synthetic data to optimize AI systems present a solution for more comprehensive models, but it also poses a risk of bias and tropism as it aims to incre...

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    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.