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Why onchocerciasis transmission persists after 15 annual ivermectin mass drug administrations in South-West Cameroon

Authors

  • Armelle Forrer Centre for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Department of Tropical Disease Biology, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, Merseyside, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Samuel Wanji Department of Disease Control, Research Foundation for Tropical Diseases and the Environment (REFOTDE), Buea, Cameroon Parasites and Vector Biology research unit (PAVBRU), Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Elisabeth Dibando Obie Department of Disease Control, Research Foundation for Tropical Diseases and the Environment (REFOTDE), Buea, Cameroon Parasites and Vector Biology research unit (PAVBRU), Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Theobald Mue Nji Department of Disease Control, Research Foundation for Tropical Diseases and the Environment (REFOTDE), Buea, Cameroon Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Louise Hamill Centre for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Department of Tropical Disease Biology, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, Merseyside, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Kim Ozano Department of International Public Health, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, Liverpool, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Helen Piotrowski Department of International Public Health, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, Liverpool, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Laura Dean Department of International Public Health, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, Liverpool, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Abdel J Njouendou Department of Disease Control, Research Foundation for Tropical Diseases and the Environment (REFOTDE), Buea, Cameroon Parasites and Vector Biology research unit (PAVBRU), Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Relindis Ekanya Department of Disease Control, Research Foundation for Tropical Diseases and the Environment (REFOTDE), Buea, Cameroon Parasites and Vector Biology research unit (PAVBRU), Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Winston Patrick Chounna Ndongmo Department of Disease Control, Research Foundation for Tropical Diseases and the Environment (REFOTDE), Buea, Cameroon Parasites and Vector Biology research unit (PAVBRU), Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Ebua Gallus Fung Department of Disease Control, Research Foundation for Tropical Diseases and the Environment (REFOTDE), Buea, Cameroon Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Dum-Buo Nnamdi Department of Disease Control, Research Foundation for Tropical Diseases and the Environment (REFOTDE), Buea, Cameroon Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Raphael A Abong Department of Disease Control, Research Foundation for Tropical Diseases and the Environment (REFOTDE), Buea, Cameroon Parasites and Vector Biology research unit (PAVBRU), Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Amuam Andrew Beng Department of Disease Control, Research Foundation for Tropical Diseases and the Environment (REFOTDE), Buea, Cameroon Parasites and Vector Biology research unit (PAVBRU), Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Mathias Esum Eyong Department of Disease Control, Research Foundation for Tropical Diseases and the Environment (REFOTDE), Buea, Cameroon Parasites and Vector Biology research unit (PAVBRU), Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Bertrand L Ndzeshang Department of Disease Control, Research Foundation for Tropical Diseases and the Environment (REFOTDE), Buea, Cameroon Parasites and Vector Biology research unit (PAVBRU), Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Desmond Akumtoh Nkimbeng Department of Disease Control, Research Foundation for Tropical Diseases and the Environment (REFOTDE), Buea, Cameroon Parasites and Vector Biology research unit (PAVBRU), Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Samuel Teghen Department of Disease Control, Research Foundation for Tropical Diseases and the Environment (REFOTDE), Buea, Cameroon Parasites and Vector Biology research unit (PAVBRU), Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Anicetus Suireng Department of Disease Control, Research Foundation for Tropical Diseases and the Environment (REFOTDE), Buea, Cameroon PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Ernerstine Ebot Ashu Department of Disease Control, Research Foundation for Tropical Diseases and the Environment (REFOTDE), Buea, Cameroon PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Emmanuel Kah Department of Disease Control, Research Foundation for Tropical Diseases and the Environment (REFOTDE), Buea, Cameroon Parasites and Vector Biology research unit (PAVBRU), Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Michele M Murdoch Watford General Hospital, West Herts Hospitals NHS Trust, Watford, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Rachael Thomson Centre for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Department of Tropical Disease Biology, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, Merseyside, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Sally Theobald Department of International Public Health, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, Liverpool, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Peter Enyong Department of Disease Control, Research Foundation for Tropical Diseases and the Environment (REFOTDE), Buea, Cameroon Parasites and Vector Biology research unit (PAVBRU), Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Joseph D Turner Centre for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Department of Tropical Disease Biology, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, Merseyside, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Mark J Taylor Centre for Neglected Tropical Diseases, Department of Tropical Disease Biology, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, Merseyside, UK PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  1. Correspondence to Professor Mark J Taylor; Mark.Taylor{at}lstmed.ac.uk
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Citation

Forrer A, Wanji S, Obie ED, et al
Why onchocerciasis transmission persists after 15 annual ivermectin mass drug administrations in South-West Cameroon

Publication history

  • Received June 27, 2020
  • Revised November 11, 2020
  • Accepted November 27, 2020
  • First published January 11, 2021.
Online issue publication 
January 11, 2021
  • Supplementary Data

    This web only file has been produced by the BMJ Publishing Group from an electronic file supplied by the author(s) and has not been edited for content.

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