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The global and national burden of chronic kidney disease attributable to ambient fine particulate matter air pollution: a modelling study
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    India: air pollution and CKD

    As highlighted by Bowe and colleagues, air pollution is closely linked to burden of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). (1) A recent article on cardio-pulmonary mortality also highlighted similar issue, with a focus on provision of ventilation. (2)
    India faces similar issues due to air pollution attributable to wide spread traditional habit of cooking with biomass. The contribution of CKD to Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY) in the country has increased from 0.8% in 1990 to 1.6% in 2016 and it is the 9th common cause of mortality. (3)
    With focus on prevention, CKD has been included under National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke, the flagship program for Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD). Through NCD Clinics, diabetes and hypertension, two common risk factors for CKD, are being addressed. Population based screening is also underway for prevention, awareness and early diagnosis of these two morbidities. (4) Pradhan Mantri National Dialysis Program has been put in place to meet the need of dialysis services by the poor people at free of cost. (5) Ujjwala scheme has recently been introduced, under which more than 80 million families have been provided clean fuel. The scheme specifically targets rural areas where biomass is considered as one of the major mean for cooking. (6)
    With so many initiatives, researches are warranted from India to estimate their effects in mitigating CKD burden and to tailor hea...

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    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.