Epidemics continue to pose a significant public health threat to populations in low and middle-income countries. However, little is known about the appropriateness and performance of response interventions in such settings. We undertook a rapid scoping review of public health evaluation frameworks for emergency settings in order to judge their suitability for assessing epidemic response. Our search identified a large variety of frameworks. However, very few are suitable for framing the response to an epidemic, or its evaluation. We propose a generic epidemic framework that draws on elements of existing frameworks. We believe that this framework may potentially be of use in closing the gap between increasing global epidemic risk and the ability to respond effectively.
- public health
- infections, diseases, disorders, injuries
- control strategies
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Handling editor Seye Abimbola
Contributors All authors contributed to the design of the study. AW carried out the search and wrote the first draft. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
Funding This work was supported by UK Research and Innovation as part of the Global Challenges Research Fund (grant number ES/P010873/1).
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent for publication Not required.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Data availability statement All data relevant to the study are included in the article or uploaded as supplementary information.