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Research gaps in the organisation of primary healthcare in low-income and middle-income countries and ways to address them: a mixed-methods approach
  1. Felicity Goodyear-Smith1,
  2. Andrew Bazemore2,
  3. Megan Coffman2,
  4. Richard D W Fortier1,3,
  5. Amanda Howe4,
  6. Michael Kidd5,6,
  7. Robert Phillips7,
  8. Katherine Rouleau5,
  9. Chris van Weel8,9
  1. 1 Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, University of Auckland Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Auckland, New Zealand
  2. 2 Robert Graham Center Policy Studies in Family Medicine and Primary Care, Washington, District of Columbia, USA
  3. 3 McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  4. 4 Primary Care, University of East Anglia Norwich Medical School, Norwich, UK
  5. 5 Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto and Southgate Institute for Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  6. 6 Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
  7. 7 Research and Policy of the American Board of Family Medicine, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
  8. 8 Radboud Institute of Health Research, Department Primary and Community Care, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
  9. 9 Department of Health Services Research and Policy, Australian National University, Acton, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Professor Felicity Goodyear-Smith; f.goodyear-smith{at}auckland.ac.nz

Footnotes

  • Handling editor Seye Abimbola

  • Contributors FG-S: led the proposal, study design and research implementation; conducted qualitative analysis, oversaw other analyses, drafted initial paper and revised. AB: involved in developing the proposal on which this article is based, is on the core project team, helped advise on methods development and contributed to consecutive versions of the article. MC: conducted qualitative data analysis, refined qualitative coding process and edited publication documents. RDWF: made substantial contributions to study design, data collection, qualitative and quantitative data analyses, and to the draft and critical revision of the manuscript. AH: involved in the bid for the work on which this article is based, is on the core project team, had input to methods development and commented on consecutive versions of the article. MK: involved in the bid for the work on which this article is based, is on the core project team and had input to all versions of the article. RP: involved in developing the proposal on which this article is based, is on the core project team, helped advise on methods development and contributed to consecutive versions of the article. KR: participated in initial discussions about the project and in two teleconferences, and provided input into the documents. CvW: involved in the bid for the work on which this article is based, is on the core project team and had input to all versions of the article.

  • Disclaimer This publication is based on research funded by Ariadne Labs through Brigham and Women’s Hospital, which is the recipient of a Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation grant. The findings and conclusions contained within are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect positions or policies of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Ethics approval University of Auckland Human Participants Ethics Committee (ref. 020630).

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement All data relevant to the study are included in the article or uploaded as online supplementary information.

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Footnotes

  • Handling editor Seye Abimbola

  • Contributors FG-S: led the proposal, study design and research implementation; conducted qualitative analysis, oversaw other analyses, drafted initial paper and revised. AB: involved in developing the proposal on which this article is based, is on the core project team, helped advise on methods development and contributed to consecutive versions of the article. MC: conducted qualitative data analysis, refined qualitative coding process and edited publication documents. RDWF: made substantial contributions to study design, data collection, qualitative and quantitative data analyses, and to the draft and critical revision of the manuscript. AH: involved in the bid for the work on which this article is based, is on the core project team, had input to methods development and commented on consecutive versions of the article. MK: involved in the bid for the work on which this article is based, is on the core project team and had input to all versions of the article. RP: involved in developing the proposal on which this article is based, is on the core project team, helped advise on methods development and contributed to consecutive versions of the article. KR: participated in initial discussions about the project and in two teleconferences, and provided input into the documents. CvW: involved in the bid for the work on which this article is based, is on the core project team and had input to all versions of the article.

  • Disclaimer This publication is based on research funded by Ariadne Labs through Brigham and Women’s Hospital, which is the recipient of a Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation grant. The findings and conclusions contained within are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect positions or policies of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Ethics approval University of Auckland Human Participants Ethics Committee (ref. 020630).

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement All data relevant to the study are included in the article or uploaded as online supplementary information.

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