Background Neonatal deaths in São Tomé and Príncipe account for about 43% of all under-5 deaths, but there are major gaps in understanding this. The objective of this study was to identify ante-, intra-, and post-partum risk factors and to analyse characteristics of neonatal morbimortality.
Methods Stillbirths and sick newborns (NB) with ≥32 week´s gestation or ≥1500 g were eligible cases, while controls were healthy newborns≥28 days. The study is still underway, and more data will become available. Results presented here are from a questionnaire applied by the investigator, and from medical records of mothers and newborns. Point-of-care tests were used to screen for syphilis, HIV and Hepatitis B. The SPSS 23 statistical programme was used for data analysis. Informed consent was obtained from every mother included in the study.
Results Out of 675 mothers, 132 were enrolled corresponding to 134 newborns (2 twins), while 35 cases and 41 newborn controles were followed up. Pregnant women’s medium age was 26 years, 23% being adolescents and 23% without antenatal care. Primary education was attended by 57%, secondary by 63%, 7% never attended school. Syphilis – 1/96 reactive test; HIV or malaria not detected; 3 infected with HBV. Newborn morbimortality: 10 preterm, 12 birth asphyxia, 30 with risk of neonatal and 8 with invasive infections, 8 foetal growth restriction, 5 microcephaly, 4 minor congenital anomalies and 1 death in the first 24 hours of life (congenital lung anomaly). Low birth weight (<2500 g), meconium and caesarean section were statistically significant with respect to morbidity (p<0.05). No deaths were verified in the 76 babies followed up.
Conclusion In this study, newborn morbidity was high (59%). More conclusions will be drawn when a higher number of participants is included and analysed. As a result, at the completion of this study, we hope to be able to design an intervention algorithm in order to achieve peri-neonatal morbimortality reduction.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.