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Comment — WHO outsourcing dilemma: for whose benefit, at whose expense?
  1. Jeevan Raj Sharma1,
  2. Ian Harper1,
  3. Radha Adhikari1,
  4. Pam Smith1,
  5. Deepak Thapa2,
  6. Obindra B Chand2,
  7. Address Malata3
  1. 1School of Social and Political Science, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
  2. 2Social Science Baha, Kathmandu, Nepal
  3. 3Malawi University of Science and Technology, Limbe, Malawi
  1. Correspondence to Dr Jeevan Raj Sharma, School of Social and Political Science, University of Edinburgh, Chrystal Macmillan Building, George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9LD, UK; jeevan.sharma{at}

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In recent years, global development and humanitarian organisations have come under intense scrutiny for failure to provide to people in need. Critiques are wide ranging, and are driven by a range of issues: from ideological and political differences—the recognition of ultimate authority to intervene; critiques of western imperialism; to the practical—the failure of the system to ‘recognise’ the real issues on the ground, to more recent critiques that focus on lack of effective and efficient response in the face of global crises.

The commentary ‘Outsourcing: how to reform WHO for the 21st century’ argues that the WHO has underperformed and is in need of reforms. Established in 1948, at a particular juncture in world history, the WHO is not considered to be fit for purpose in the context …

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