Table 4

Adjusted and unadjusted ORs for factors associated with undermortality according to socioeconomic and intermediate factors, analysis of South Sudan Household Survey, 2010 (n=8215)

VariablesOR*95% CI†P valueAOR‡95% CIP value
Intermediate determinants
Socioeconomic position
Community factors
 Type of cluster
  Urban1.39(1.13 to 1.71)0.0021.39(1.13 to1.71)0.002
 Geographical location (regions)
  Greater Upper Nile1.00
  Greater Bahr el Ghazal1.10(0.87 to 1.39)0.44
  Greater Equatoria1.19(0.93 to 1.50)0.16
Mean household wealth index in the cluster0.99(0.78 to 1.27)0.96
Proportion of mothers with intermediate school education in the cluster1.68(0.62 to 4.56)0.31
Mean number of antenatal care visits in the cluster0.79(0.56 to 1.11)0.17
Percentage of deliveries assisted by trained birth attendants in the cluster0.99(0.57 to 1.72)0.96
Percentage of mothers receiving postnatal care in the cluster1.66(0.74 to 3.72)0.22
Household factors
 Household wealth index
  Middle0.93(0.77 to 1.13)0.46
  Poor0.96(0.79 to 1.16)0.68
 Gender of household head
  Female1.10(0.94 to 1.29)0.25
 Education of the household head
  Secondary+ education1.00
  No education/primary education1.20(0.89 to 1.62)0.24
 Maternal education
  Intermediate+ education1.00
  Primary education0.96(0.63 to 1.46)0.85
  No education0.92(0.62 to 1.36)0.67
 Maternal literacy
  Able to read1.00
  Unable to read1.33(1.01 to 1.77)0.046
 Maternal marital status
  Never married (single)1.00
  Formerly married1.16(0.86 to 1.57)0.33
  Currently married1.24(0.97 to 1.58)0.08
 Polygamy status
  Husband had one wife1.00
  Husband had more than one wife0.95(0.80 to 1.12)0.54
Individual’s circumstances
 Maternal conditions/behaviours
 Maternal age at her last birthday (years)
  20–34 1.001.00
  15–19 1.17(0.91 to 1.50)0.221.77(1.21 to 2.59)0.003
  35–49 1.19(1.00 to 1.43)0.051.04(0.87 to 1.25)0.674
  Heard about family planning
  Yes1.31(1.07 to 1.59)0.007
 Ever had child who later died
  Yes3.02(2.55 to 3.57)<0.0013.07(2.58 to 3.64)<0.001
 Cooking location
  Elsewhere in the house0.84(0.66 to 1.05)0.13
  Outdoors0.92(0.77 to 1.11)0.40
 Garbage disposal
  Dumping (throwing outside the house)0.98(0.83 to 1.15)0.76
 Mother experienced domestic violence in the past year.
  Yes0.99(0.82 to 1.20)0.91
Under-five condition
 Under-five gender
  Male1.11(0.95 to 1.29)0.181.20(1.02 to 1.41)0.029
Family have access to improved source of drinking water
 No1.28(0.97 to 1.69)0.09
Family have access to improved sanitation facilities
 No1.01(0.79 to 1.30)0.93
  • *Unadjusted odds ratio (OR).

  • †Confidence interval (CI).

  • ‡Adjusted odds ratio (AOR), and the odds ratio adjusted for all other variables in the table.