Table 1

Demographics by condition

Control group
N=524
Intervention N=308p Value
Per cent female450 (86.0%)251 (81.5%)0.081
Age0.218
 15–199 (1.7%)4 (1.3%)
 20–2470 (13.4%)37 (12.0%)
 25–34145 (27.7%)83 (26.9%)
 35–44121 (23.1%)54 (17.5%)
 45–60146 (27.9%)103 (33.4%)
 61+
Marital status0.501
 Married391 (75.0%)224 (72.7%)
 Divorced/separated17 (3.3%)16 (4.2%)
 Widowed96 (18.4%)62 (20.1%)
 Abandoned9 (1.7%)2 (0.6%)
 Never married8 (1.5%)4 (1.3%)
Schooling0.312
 None339 (64.7%)184 (59.7%)
 Did not complete primary87 (16.6%)49 (15.9%)
 Primary completed86 (16.4%)65 (21.1%)
 Secondary completed12 (2.3%)10 (3.2%)
Mean number of adults living in the home (range)2.27 (0–10)2.41 (0–10)0.218
Mean number of children living in the home (range)3.38 (0–11)3.53 (0–9)0.530
Have a non-durable roof308 (58.8%)179 (58.1%)0.852
Have non-durable walls469 (89.5%)271 (88.3%)0.407
Has household savings24 (4.6%)14 (4.5%)0.982
Perceived wealth worse than others243 (46.4%)131 (42.7%)0.741
Subjective health* (SD)3.79 (1.24)3.94 (1.17)0.079
Anxiety† (SD)1.80 (0.55)1.70 (0.54)0.011
Depression† (SD)1.82 (0.50)1.77 (0.46)0.149
PSTD‡ (SD)2.19 (0.67)2.17 (0.63)0.632
Experienced/perpetrated psychological abuse (among those who are partnered at baseline, N=584)161 (42.9%) (N=375)73 (34.9%) (N=209)0.059
Experienced/perpetrated physical violence (among those who are partnered at baseline, N=584)72 (19.3%) (N=374)38 (18.2%) (N=209)0.752
Experienced/perpetrated sexual violence (among those who are partnered at baseline, N=584)98 (26.1%) (N=376)43 (20.7%) (N=208)0.146
Currently have a loan172 (32.8%)120 (39.0%)0.073
Animal value (median/range)44 (0–2100)33 (0–3710)0.815
  • *Participant health measured on a 1–6 scale (1=excellent, 6=very poor).

  • †Measured by Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL).

  • ‡Measured by the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ).