Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the study participants

 ControlIntervention
All enrolled (n=258)Remaining at endline (n=215)Lost to follow-up (n=43)All enrolled (n=268)Remaining at endline (n=220)Lost to follow-up (n=48)
Child characteristics at baseline
 Age (months)8.50 (2.03)8.49 (2.05)8.53 (1.98)8.74 (2.17)8.70 (2.17)8.92 (2.18)
 Female0.51 (0.50)0.52 (0.50)0.44 (0.50)0.47 (0.50)0.49 (0.50)0.38 (0.49)
 Height-for-age (z-score)−1.52 (1.60)−1.44 (1.60)−1.93 (1.60)−1.63 (1.75)−1.63 (1.76)−1.65 (1.71)
 Stunted0.35 (0.48)0.32 (0.47)0.54 (0.50)0.40 (0.49)0.39 (0.49)0.46 (0.50)
 Weight-for-age (z-score)−0.31 (1.38)−0.29 (1.45)−0.44 (1.00)−0.45 (1.38)−0.47 (1.39)−0.38 (1.38)
 Underweight0.12 (0.32)0.13 (0.33)0.07 (0.26)0.15 (0.35)0.15 (0.35)0.15 (0.36)
 Diarrhoea in the previous 2 weeks0.34 (0.47)0.33 (0.47)0.36 (0.48)0.31 (0.46)0.35 (0.48)0.15 (0.36)
 Fever in the previous 2 weeks0.32 (0.47)0.32 (0.47)0.29 (0.46)0.28 (0.45)0.30 (0.46)0.19 (0.39)
 Cough in the previous 2 weeks0.47 (0.50)0.51 (0.50)0.24 (0.43)0.40 (0.49)0.41 (0.49)0.35 (0.48)
Caregiver characteristics at baseline
 Age (years)27.57 (8.94)27.92 (9.32)25.81 (7.09)26.98 (7.75)27.45 (7.79)24.66 (8.34)
 Completed primary school0.46 (0.50)0.44 (0.50)0.53 (0.50)0.47 (0.50)0.45 (0.50)0.56 (0.50)
 Mental health (SRQ z-score)0.13 (1.08)0.16 (1.07)0.00 (1.12)−0.13 (0.90)−0.11 (0.90)−0.22 (0.93)
 Household wealth quintile2.85 (1.42)2.87 (1.42)2.77 (1.43)3.13 (1.41)3.21 (1.41)2.73 (1.33)
  • Data are mean (SD). Child height-for-age and weight-for-age z-scores are normalised to WHO standards. Stunted is defined as height-for-age z-score ≤−2. Underweight is defined as weight-for-age z-score ≤−2. Caregiver SRQ z-scores are normalised within the study population. Lower SRQ z-score indicates better mental health.

  • SRQ, Self-Reporting Questionnaire.